Construction, which we also call building construction, is techniques and industry that are involved in the assembly and erection of structures, mainly structures used to provide shelter.
Construction is an ancient human activity. It started with a fully functional need for a controlling environment to moderate the effects of the weather. Shelters were a means by which humans were able to adapt to a variety of climates and become global species.
They mark the history of the building with several processes. One is to increase the durability of the materials is using. Primary building materials such as leaves, twigs, and animal skins were perishable. Later, more enduring natural materials – such as clay, stone, and timber – and eventually manufactured materials – such brick, concrete, metals, and plastics – were utilized. Another is the search for buildings with higher heights and openings. This is possibly made by the development of stronger materials and by knowing how materials behave and how to use them to their advantage. The third prominent trend contains the amount of control devoted to the interior of buildings: increasingly specific regulation of air temperature, light and sound classes, humidity, odors, airspeed, and other factors that affect human comfort has been possible. Yet another trend is the change in energy available for the construction process, which begins with the strength of human muscles and develops into the powerful engines used today.