What are the 4 types of lighting?

In most cases, we are fully aware of the fact that different rooms serve different purposes.

Naturally, we have our dining room, living room, office, kitchen, bedroom, and so on.

Interestingly, however, we are often unaware of the fact that each room has one or more purposes and needs a proper lighting solution. 

We usually design each room for a specific purpose. Comfortable bedroom for sleeping, great kitchen for cooking, office of a noisy utopia – yet we ignore the importance of proper lighting. Have you not paid attention to it? This is an issue that we will try to address.

We strongly believe that the properties of light should be perfectly in line with the purpose, arrangement, and use of the room.

Hoping that a single source and type of lighting can fulfill all our lighting needs and serve any particular function is a pitfall we easily end up in. 

As much as we choose furniture, appliances, and home accessories according to the nature of the activities we participate in, whether it is relaxing, working, crafting, cooking, or enjoying some time with family and friends, so should we. let’s do it. Some considerations in choosing our lighting fixtures. 

We fully understand that you may be confused by this surprise: “Why do I care about special lighting? Just turn it on and any light that helps me see it will work!” 

It may be true that any lighting enables you to see. However, no lighting can best meet your specific needs. 

There are enough lighting options right now … you want to hear exactly what they are and how you can enjoy them. So let’s get straight to the point.

In general, lighting experts agree that there are four main types of lighting that each category is specifically designed and built to serve its unique purpose and meet specific needs:

Ambient lighting 

Task lighting 

Accent lighting 

Decorative lighting 


Bright and powerful lighting that fully illuminates the room … General lighting, more commonly known today as “ambient” lighting, is designed for one purpose: to provide uniform levels of illumination throughout the space completely independent of other sources. Lighting.

Creating a strong ambient light through “jumping” and reflection from the walls, thus ensuring safe and easy navigation as its main goal.


While it is true that when we think of ambient light, we think more of the interior, outdoor ambient light is often used for a variety of purposes.  

In addition to being used for decorative accents to enhance the aesthetic appeal of a particular building, yard, or area around an object, it is often used as an enhanced security measure. 

High visibility, bright light, and clear outdoor lighting usually do their job well to prevent malicious targets of all kinds, which is why they are preferred as a way to create improved security.

Of course, in addition to the general assumption of security, they are also used for personal security, whether it is from an external threat or simply allows you to identify obstacles in your path.

What are the 4 types of lighting?


Have a task at hand?  

Few things can be more valuable as an add-on than effective work lighting designed specifically for the job you want to do.

Whether you want to be busy with computer work, enjoy cooking a delicious meal, or simply sit back and relax with a good book, nothing helps as lighting.

Types of Fixtures that Provide Task Lighting: 

Desk lamps or portable lamps

Undercabinet and slimline bars and extrusions

Downlights or directional gimbal recessed fixtures

Pendant lighting


Achieving a specific desired effect by focusing on specific points of interest is the best thing that accent lighting does.

Whether you want to create the impression of a larger room, highlight a special feature or focal point of the decoration, such as a beautiful collection, or even a unique piece of art, accent lighting is right for you.

In general, accent light shines three times more than ambient light at a focal point to emphasize it. Have a higher output and a narrower beam angle to focus light only where needed. It is a requirement to create a significant contrast with the ambient light that directs your gaze to where it should go.

Types of Fixtures that Provide Accent Lighting: 

Wall-mounted fixtures

Tape and extrusion

The directional recessed fixture or downlight

Track light


One of the most important things to consider when choosing decorative lighting is the effect that the design has on the transmitted light.

When it comes to decorative lighting, as the name implies, it’s all about making a strong statement. Before choosing it, be sure to think about the light, color, and size directly, up or down to achieve the effect you have in mind.

There are a few things that can make a statement or set a mood quite as much as a quality chandelier or floor lamp. 

Carefully choose the location of the decorative lights, their style, and their color so that nothing prevents the appearance and shine of your dream room in front of your eyes.

Types of Decorative Lighting: 

Pendant lighting

Wall sconces

Table and Floor lamps 

Ceiling fans with light kits

In a nutshell 

This is almost always the case when it comes to lighting categories.

Has this article forced you to install several types of lighting? Which one? We’d love to hear more comments on your lighting experience.